Ever since the Taliban took over Afghanistan, the music industry has collapsed. The Taliban discouraged music and even banned it. During the Taliban era Pashto and Afghan music was discouraged to such an extent that musicians had to leave the country for neighbouring Pakistan. This was extended by the "ministry for the promotion of vice and prevention of virtue". Anyone heard singing or even heard listening to music was beaten publicly. Televisions were hanged from trees as an example to others.
Pashto is the language of the majority of the people of Afghanistan. It is often pronounced in several ways Pakhto, Pushto, Pukhto, Pashtu and Pushtu. The language is also spoken in the some regions of Pakistan especially north-western and south-western Pakistan. It is thought that nearly 40 million people speak this language and has been made the official language of the government and national language. According to the constitution of Afghanistan, it is stated that "Pashto is also used in education, literature, office and court business, media, and in religious institutions, etc.
Music and songs were once very popular in Afghanistan. It was the life and soul of the country. The music covered the whole of the region and crossed boundaries to neighbouring countries. However, the Pashto singers had to leave the country and escape to Pakistan or other countries as a precautionary measure to save their lives. Some singers had to abandon singing music altogether and find alternative things to do. It is estimated that virtually all famous musicians and singers to Afghanistan left the country or were forced to flee. Many singers and musicians even disappeared and were imprisoned simply for the passion for music.
After the ousting of the Taliban we have seen a resurge in music in Afghanistan. Singers and Musicians are once again are back in the country and are composing music. Music schools have sprung all over Kabul and Afghanistan. This is a great achievement for a country where singing was discouraged and music was banned. Today the country seems to springing back to life. Music can now be heard all over the country.